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Technologies and Asylum ProceduresActualité du mercredi 2 août 2023

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior citizen Research Other, Refugee Studies Centre, University or college of Oxford

Increasingly, systems and algorithms are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching engines that examine iris verification and finger prints to internet directories for asylum seekers and refugees to chatbots to help people register protection cases. These tools are designed to make this easier designed for states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially numerous systems are slowed down due to the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing levels of pressured displacement.

Nonetheless they raise a number of human privileges concerns. Some examples are privacy considerations, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors that may lead to discriminatory outcomes. They also pose significant strains to migrant workers and asylum seekers, who are often already voiceless and prone.

Ozkul’s research explores many ways in which new technologies can be used to verify identities and narratives of migrant workers, allowing them to speed up their asylum application process. It also examines the ways by which these solutions can create a certain informational space around migrants, and how they will configure the subjecthood. Following Foucault, this lady argues that such methods are both local and institutional. For example , iris scanning algorithms can be seen simply because an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific territory in order to be recognized; while advice algorithms are industrial and global in their results, configuring people as consumers.

As a result, they will enact a specific form of hegemonic power more than displaced persons. This is especially true given the current contest to the lower part in asylum policy : with some countries offering incentives like the Nansen passport to help in cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive packages that block their particular access to territory and induce them back in dangerous and deadly journeys.